Centering A Division

Discussion about CSS related issues.
Post Reply
paulp575
Rank III - Intermediate
Rank III - Intermediate
Posts: 55
Joined: Tue Aug 09, 2005 1:20 pm
Location: Spokane WA
Contact:

Centering A Division

Post by paulp575 » Tue Nov 17, 2009 12:38 pm

I am experiencing a problem trying to center a division in an XHTML document.

HTML validator says I can not use <div align="center"> and suggests I use the style of TEXT-ALIGN: Center.

However, that only works for text.

I need to center an entire division.

What to do???

Thanks,
paulp575

User avatar
Albert Wiersch
Site Admin
Site Admin
Posts: 3397
Joined: Sat Dec 11, 2004 9:23 am
Location: Near Dallas, TX
Contact:

Re: Centering A Division

Post by Albert Wiersch » Tue Nov 17, 2009 1:35 pm

I believe I've changed the referred to message to:
[82] The "align" attribute may not be used with the "div" element in a strict XHTML 1.0 document. Instead of align="center", consider using the CSS "text-align: center" instead. To center a block, use the CSS "margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto".

I added this part:
To center a block, use the CSS "margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto".

Try using the CSS "margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto". Please let me know how it works.
Image
Albert Wiersch

ardeezstyle
Rank 0 - Newcomer
Rank 0 - Newcomer
Posts: 1
Joined: Tue Feb 01, 2011 1:29 am

Re: Centering A Division

Post by ardeezstyle » Tue Feb 01, 2011 1:36 am

Hi Albert,

when you are talking about centering the using css property margin-left/margin-right auto, it is important that you mention the width for the div as without a specified width the div will not be centered or should I say the centering of the div will not be visible.

Cheers!

User avatar
pandaa
Rank 0 - Newcomer
Rank 0 - Newcomer
Posts: 2
Joined: Fri Nov 23, 2012 6:43 pm
Contact:

Re: Centering A Division

Post by pandaa » Fri Nov 23, 2012 6:56 pm

<div align="center" /> usually works fine, but you can also do <div class="x" /> and refer to external CSS. :)

dscontroller
Rank 0 - Newcomer
Rank 0 - Newcomer
Posts: 1
Joined: Wed Sep 08, 2010 4:50 pm

Re: Centering A Division

Post by dscontroller » Mon Nov 11, 2013 5:07 pm

I entirely agree with ardeezstyle but ensure that the width of the div is less than the div it is contained within.

David

User avatar
ianinfrance
Rank 0 - Newcomer
Rank 0 - Newcomer
Posts: 3
Joined: Thu Jan 24, 2013 3:35 am
Location: Forgès, Corrèze, France

Re: Centering A Division

Post by ianinfrance » Tue Mar 18, 2014 5:54 pm

I find that for images, this little snippet can be quite useful

IMG.centred {
display: block;
margin-left: auto;
margin-right: auto;
}

Then when you want an image to be centred (I'm english, so I use English spelling sorry) in a div you just need to do

img class="centred" src="foo.bar"
As a division is defined as a block normally, then if I want it to be centred in some kind of container (body or article or another division) I automatically add
margin-left: auto;
margin-right: auto
to the division's definition.

Though as ardeezstyle says, the width has to be specified one way or another. In a vague attempt to keep the page legible in a variety of viewport dimensions, I tend to use width: xx%; as well.

Post Reply